Recognition of vocational qualifications for the purpose of transfer on the European job market






a set of professional tasks, isolated as a result of social labour distribution, performed on a regular basis, or with small changes by particular people, which require the employee to possess appropriate professional qualifications and competences (knowledge, skills and social competences) gained in the course of education and professional experience. The profession practice is the source of income.


is a result of social labour distribution within the framework of work identified under the given profession, includes a part of occupational activities which are similar in nature (connected with the function performed or the subject of work) but require deeper or additional knowledge and skills gained as a result of extra training or work practice.

Professional task

a logical portion or phase of the work, under the profession, with a clearly defined start and end, isolated due to the type or manner for performing professional tasks linked by a single goal; ending in a product, service or decision.

Professional competences

everything that the employee knows, understands and is capable of doing, which is relevant to the situation in the workplace. Professional competences are described by three sets: of knowledge, skills and social competences.

Professional qualification

a set of learning outcomes (knowledge, skills and social competences) which are formally attested by an authorized institution.

Professional competence standard

a norm which specifies professional competences necessary to perform professional tasks constituting a profession approved by representatives of professional and sectoral organizations, employers, employees and other key social partners.


interrelated facts, rules, theories and experience acquired by a learner.


the ability to use the knowledge and trained skills in order to perform tasks and solve problems.

Social competences

abilities, predispositions and traits necessary for autonomous, team and responsible participation in social and professional life.

Key competences

a combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes appropriate to particular situations. Key competences are these which every individual needs for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment.

European Qualification Framework

adopted in European Union, a frame of reference which enables comparison of qualifications gained in different countries. There are eight reference levels distinguished in EQF which are defined in the form of requirements concerning learning outcomes.

National Qualifications Framework

all the activities taken by the state, connected with approving learning outcomes in response to the needs of labour market, civil society and individual learners development.


Source: Based RECOMMENDATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 April 2008 on the establishment of the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning (Text with EEA relevance), (2008/C 111/01);

RECOMMENDATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 18 June 2009 on the establishment of a European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) (Text with EEA relevance), (2009/C 155/02).

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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