Recognition of vocational qualifications for the purpose of transfer on the European job market

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Study of professional competence requirements for  motor vehicle mechanic was run among Polish, German and Portuguese employers (second quarter of 2016), directly in the work environment and for the real job positions for this profession.


The study was conducted using a survey method with the use of diagnostic questionnaires standardized for all countries. Questionnaire included i.a. proposals for professional competence, personal and social competence and the key competence for the profession.

Below there is presented comparative analysis of competence for motor vehicle mechanic  from the point of view of Polish, German and Portuguese employers.
The rounded indicator values equal to or greater than 3.5 indicate the importance of the competence for performing professional task in the profession.

 

Details in the report “Comparative study of professional competences required for typical professions of electrician and automotive technician based on examples in Germany, Poland and Portugal”

 

 

Professional competences for the profession of motor vehicle mechanic 

Table 1. Degree of professional competencies in the profession of vehicle mechanic according to the opinion of employers

No.

List of professional competencies

Poland

Germany

Portugal

Importance indicator

K1

Fault diagnosis in a vehicle

4.6

4.3

4.0

K2

Repair of components and assemblies of motor vehicles

4.6

4.3

4.0

Source: Own study

 

Professional competencies K1 - Fault diagnosis in a vehicle

Table 2. The degree of importance of knowledge that a motor vehicle mechanic should have in the diagnosis of failures of a motor vehicle according to the opinion of employers

No.

Knowledge

Poland

Germany

Portugal

Importance indicator

1.

Rules and regulations for occupational health and safety, fire protection, the ergonomics, environment protection in the diagnosis of components and assemblies of motor vehicles.

4.3

5.0

3.5

2.

Diagnostic and repair documentation

4.2

5.0

4.1

3.

Classification and identification of motor vehicles

3.9

5.0

2.9

4.

Construction and principles of operation of components and assemblies of motor vehicles of various types

4.3

5.0

3.7

5.

Basics of technical drafting

3.4

5.0

2.2

6.

The basics of electrical engineering and electronics

3.7

5.0

2.9

7.

Tools and measuring instruments to perform motor vehicles diagnostics

4.1

5.0

3.6

8.

Methods of performing the diagnosis of motor vehicles

4.0

5.0

4.3

9.

Types of measurements and diagnostic testing of motor vehicles

4.0

5.0

3.7

10.

Principles of interpretation of the results of diagnostic tests

4.1

5.0

3.6

11.

Computer programs for the diagnosis of components and assemblies of motor vehicles

4.0

5.0

3.2

12.

Road traffic regulations and driving techniques

2.8

5.0

2.1

13.

The Basics of an economic activity in the automotive industry

2.8

5.0

2.5

Note: The color blue represents knowledge of minor importance - the importance indicator is equal to, greater than 3.5.

Source: Own study

 

Table 3. The degree of importance of skills that a vehicle mechanic should have in the diagnosis of failures of a motor vehicle according to the opinion of employers

No.

Skills

Poland

Germany

Portugal

Importance indicator

1.

Compliance with rules and regulations for occupational health and safety, fire protection, the ergonomics, environment protection in the diagnosis of components and assemblies of motor vehicles

4.4

4.4

2.5

2.

Preparation of a service order of a motor vehicle to be diagnosed

3.5

4.2

3.3

3.

Classification of motor vehicles

3.6

4.3

3.7

4.

Characterizing the structure of motor vehicles and explaining the operation of components and assemblies of these vehicles

4.1

4.1

3.5

5.

Observation of the standards concerning a technical drawing, machine parts, construction materials and consumables

3.8

4.2

2.7

6.

Identification of elements and electrical and electronic systems

4.1

4.3

3.2

7.

Application of tools and measuring instruments to perform motor vehicles diagnostics

4.1

4.5

3.7

8.

Selection of methods and determination of the scope of the diagnosis of components and assemblies of vehicles

4.1

4.1

3.6

9.

Performance of the diagnosis of motor vehicles with the use of measuring instruments (motors, system of chassis, vehicle body, tires)

4.4

4.5

3.5

10.

Interpretation of the results of the diagnostic testing of motor vehicles

4.3

4.4

3.4

11.

Use of computer programs for the diagnosis of motor vehicles

4.1

4.5

3.1

12.

Use of road traffic regulations and vehicle drivers

2.9

4.3

2.4

13.

Establishing and conducting an economic activity

2.7

4.3

2.5

Note: The color blue represents skills of minor importance - the importance indicator is equal to, greater than 3.5.

Source: Own study 

 

Professional competencies K2 - Repair of components and assemblies of motor vehicles 

Table 4. The degree of importance of knowledge that a motor vehicle mechanic should have in the repair of components and assemblies of motor vehicles according to the opinion of employers

No.

Knowledge

Poland

Germany

Portugal

Importance indicator

1.

Rules and regulations for occupational health and safety, fire protection, the ergonomics, environment protection in the repair of components and assemblies of motor vehicles.

4.1

5.0

4.0

2.

Catalogs and manuals for operation of motor vehicles

3.8

5.0

3.8

3.

Basics of technical drafting

3.5

5.0

3.5

4.

Construction and principle of operation of motor vehicles (drive system, brake system, steering system, bearing elements and wheel-axle assemblies of motor vehicles, wheels and tires, bodies of motor vehicles)

4.5

5.0

2.8

5.

Basic knowledge of engines

4.3

5.0

4.2

6.

The technology of repair of motor vehicles

4.3

5.0

3.8

7.

Principles and scope of performance of the maintenance of passenger vehicles

4.1

5.0

3.0

8.

Price list of repair of components and assemblies of motor vehicles.

2.9

5.0

2.8

Note: The color blue represents knowledge of minor importance - the importance indicator is equal to, greater than 3.5.

Source: Own study

 

Table 5. The degree of importance of skills that a motor vehicle mechanic should have in the repair of components and assemblies of motor vehicles according to the opinion of employers

No.

Skills

Poland

Germany

Portugal

Importance indicator

1.

Observing rules and regulations for occupational health and safety, fire protection, the ergonomics, environment protection in the repair of components and assemblies of motor vehicles

4.1

4.4

3.4

2.

Using the technical documentation of machinery and devices

4.0

4.3

2.5

3.

Using the technical drawing during assembly and installation works

3.7

4.3

3.1

4.

Locating damaged components and assemblies of passenger vehicles

4.6

4.5

3.6

5.

Selecting the methods of repair for motor vehicles

4.4

4.4

3.7

6.

Disassembling components and assemblies of motor vehicles

4.2

4.4

3.2

7.

Choosing components or assemblies of motor vehicles or their substitutes for replacement

4.1

4.5

3.8

8.

Replacing damaged components and assemblies of motor vehicles using workshop tools and equipment

4.4

4.3

3.5

9.

Choosing consumable materials

4.0

3.5

2.4

10.

Controlling the quality of repair of motor vehicles

4.2

4

3.9

11.

Performing periodic technical maintenance of motor vehicles

4.1

4.3

3.6

12.

Assessing the quality of performed repair and determining its costs

3.6

3.8

3.1

13.

Preparing a cost estimate of repair

2.9

3.5

3.8

Note: The color blue represents skills of minor importance - the importance indicator is equal to, greater than 3.5.

Source: Own study

 

Comparative analysis of personal and social competencies for the profession  of motor vehicle mechanic

Table 6. . The degree of importance of personal and social competencies relevant to the profession of motor vehicle mechanic, according to opinions of employers

No.

Competencies

personal and social

Poland

Germany

Portugal

Importance indicator

1.

He/she is responsible for the execution of tasks related to the diagnosis and repair of motor vehicles

4.4

3.9

3.4

2.

He/she is creative and consistent in the execution of tasks

4.0

3.9

3.3

3.

He/she respects the professional confidentiality

3.8

4.2

3.9

4.

He/she can assess his/her actions and actions of their team and take responsibility for their consequences in the repair of motor vehicles

4.1

3.9

3.9

5.

He/she works partially on his/her own and takes on a cooperation in the organized conditions

4.2

4.1

3.6

6.

He/she recognizes his/her own educational needs, updates their knowledge and improves professional skills

3.9

4.2

3.7

7.

He/she can cope with stress

3.9

4

2.7

Note: The color blue represents personal and social competences of minor importance - the importance indicator is equal to, greater than 3.5.

Source: Own study

 

Comparative analysis of key competences for the profession of motor vehicle mechanic

Table 7. The degree of importance of key competencies relevant to the profession of motor vehicle mechanic, according to opinions of employers

No.

Key competences

Poland

Germany

Portugal

Importance indicator

1.

Problems solving

4.4

3.9

3.6

2.

Teamwork

4.1

4.1

3.8

3.

Oral communication in the mother tongue and in foreign language

3.4

3.7

3.4

4.

Planning and organizing work

3.8

3.9

3.5

5.

Physical fitness

4.2

3.9

3.6

6.

Reading comprehension and writing skills

4.1

3.5

2.8

7.

Information search, selection and critical analysis skills

4.0

3.8

3.0

8.

IT and modern communication technology skills

4.4

4.1

3.2

Source: Own study

 

Graph 1. Key competencies profile for the profession of a motor vehicle mechanic - Poland

wykres1 mech en

 Source: Own study

 

Graph 2. Key competencies profile for the profession of a motor vehicle mechanic - Germany

wykres2 mech en

Source: Own study

 

Graph 3. Key competencies profile for the profession of a motor vehicle mechanic - Portugal

wykres3 mech en

Source: Own study

Summary

The consistency/divergence of the opinions on the professional competences expected by employers from each partner country stems from their experience in hiring employees, company size, varying degrees of industry specialization, demand for the product/service or innovation of the company. These depend on the specificity of the local, regional or national labor market and the degree of technological development in a given country.

Divergences in the employers' expectations can also stem from the differing manners of description of professional competences each of these countries utilizes.

The comparative analysis gives a general idea of the significance of the professional competences in the analyzed professions, expected by employers in individual countries. It may serve as the basis for further studies of the demand among employers for employees with particular competences.

 

 

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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