Rozpoznawanie kwalifikacji zawodowych dla potrzeb transferu na europejskim rynku pracy

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In Germany, certificates of vocational education can typically be acquired within the dual educational system.

 

General contents of dual vocational education:

  • 1) occupational safety regulations
  • 2) planning and conducting business activities
  • 3) occupational foreign language skills
  • 4) personal and social competencies

The framework curriculum for electronics technicians specialising as technicians for energy and building technology promotes some general aims of vocational education:

The candidates should be able to…

  • work and communicate with people in a professional context both internal and external.
  • work and communicate with people with different cultural backgrounds in a professional context.
  • assist and serve customers.
  • analyse customer requirements.
  • mount and install electric systems, devices and components.
  • design energy and building technology systems, install, parameterise, programme and test single components in the field of energy and building technology.
  • apply technical codes and regulations, data sheets and descriptions, manuals and any other typical source of information both in German and English.
  • apply current information and communication systems in order to get valuable information, process orders, record and present working results.
  • compute typical electrical systems, devices and components with the help of a computer and calculate costs.
  • observe ergonomic, economic, ecologic and social aspects while planning and performing work tasks. They are to reduce negative effects on the environment by chosing the proper material, acting consciously and observing rules and regulations.
  • install  and configure components of hardware and software
  • secure unobstructed operation of systems by meeting regulations concerning the installation, testing and maintenance.
  • develop reasonable procedures for the commissioning, for the testing of protective measurements, for troubleshooting and for repair.
  • derive implications from troubleshooting which can be used for repair.

 

The specific learning outcomes for electronics technicians specialising for energy and building technology can be found in the examination regulations which describe exactly which competencies the candidate has to prove. The regulations also define the content of the exams (part 1 and 2) which have to be passed by the candidate:

 

Electronics technician – specialising in energy and building technology

 

Part 1 (before the end of the second year of training)

The candidate has to demonstrate in producing a functional electric system part that he/she is able to:

  • analyse technical documents, determine technical parameters, plan and coordinate work processes and dispose tools and material
  • install, wire, connect and set plant components, comply with safety rules, accident prevention regulations and environmental requirements
  • assess of the safety of electrical systems and equipment and check electrical protections
  • analyse electrical systems, check their functions, identify and fix errors
  • put products into operation, hand over, explain and document the order execution
  • prepare technical documents including test reports

 

Part 2 (at the end of training):

In the four examination areas of part 2 the candidate has to demonstrate that he / she is able to:

  • plan and implement work processes and document the results
  • make use of information systems and communicate with customers
  • operate and explain motor vehicles and systems
  • setup and shut-down of vehicle technological systems
  • test system functions, deploy diagnostic systems, diagnose errors and malfunctions
  • maintain or retro-fit of vehicles and their systems
  • document results, prepare and analyse test records and reports
  • demonstrate problems and their solutions, present the relevant specialist background in respect of the work related tasks and justify the approach taken in the carrying out of the work related tasks

 a) Examination area customer order

  • Analyse work orders, gather information of available documents, clarify technical and organisational interfaces, evaluate and select several solution variants regarding technical, economic and ecological aspects
  • Define subtasks, plan and coordinate order processing, prepare planning documents in consideration of workflow und responsibilities at the work locations
  • Carry out work orders, check and document functions and safety, note norms and specifications concerning quality and safety of systems and identify errors, malfunctions and their causes systematically
  • Release and transfer systems or system components, provide specialist information also using technical terms in English, prepare acceptance reports, document and evaluate work results and services, account for all services provided and document all data of devices, systems and documents

b) Examination area system design

  • Carry out a technical problem analysis considering the legal and technical regulations and operational efficiency, develop a solution concept
  • Determine specification, select electro technical components and software, adapt circuitry documents and use standard software

c) Examination area function and system analysis

  • Select circuitry documents and evaluate system documents, select test records and reports and diagnose systems
  • Analyse systems concerning their functional contexts, analyse and change programs, assign signals to interfaces functionally
  • Evaluate diagnoses, determine causes of error and evaluate electric protections

d) Examination area economics and social studies

  • Demonstrate and assess general economic and social aspects of the world of work and employment. Knowledge about vocational education and training, employment and collective bargaining law, the structure of the company providing training, health and safety at work, environmental protection, planning and preparation of work processes and the monitoring and evaluation of work results, quality management

 

References:

  • Framework curriculum for the profession of electronics technicians (Resolution of the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs, 2003-05-16)
  • Examination regulations for the profession of electronics technicians (German Federal Law Gazette, release year 2008, Part I Nr. 32, issued in Bonn 2008-07-30)

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Zrozumiałem

Ten projekt został zrealizowany przy wsparciu finansowym Komisji Europejskiej.
Projekt lub publikacja odzwierciedlają jedynie stanowisko ich autora i Komisja Europejska nie ponosi odpowiedzialności za umieszczoną w nich zawartość merytoryczną.