Rozpoznawanie kwalifikacji zawodowych dla potrzeb transferu na europejskim rynku pracy

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Name of the profession: Electronics technician

ID: 26212

Level of qualification: Level 4 EQF

Electronics technicians analyse malfunctions and identify causes. Electronics technicians also repair household appliances, such as cooker, oven, refrigerator or washing machine. But they do not only fix devices, they also install energy plants and complex electrical control systems inside buildings. They install sockets, divide up electric circuits, lay cables and install ventilation and air conditioning systems.

The basis of German education system for vocational education is the completion of basic cycle of general education.

Stage of general education includes:

- Elementary school: grades I-IV (exception: Berlin and Brandenburg region grades I-VI),

- general school (Hauptschule) grades V-IX or V-X or Realschule grades V-X.

General education ends with an exam.

Document confirming the accomplishment of basic general education cycle is the certificate of completion of Hauptschule/certificate of completion of Realschule (it is the essential condition for attendance in vocational training within dual education.

One of the elements of general education grades V-VI is preparation for making a decision regarding selection of profession with opinion about further education career and choice of profession after completion of this stage of education.

Vocational qualifications are acquired by continuation of education in dual system. This stage of education lasts 3-3,5 years (grades X-XII). Vocational education in dual system prepares for work in accordance with training rules determined at national level (component at workplace) and in accordance with educational programs defined by federal states (activities at school).

The condition for starting education at vocational school is a course contract concluded between the educational company and the student. Based on this contract, the student may attend a vocational school.

During the vocational training the students must pass exams twice: midterm exams and final exams. The education is finished with exam taken by the candidates of dual system before the examining board, which consists of representatives of chamber of crafts, of chamber of commerce and industry, of chamber of professionals or of other chambers of commerce. The examination includes theoretical and practical exercises.

In Germany there is no equivalent for acquisition of vocational qualifications on analogous educational path as for occupational education in Poland.

However, the path for acquisition of qualifications for electrician and automotive technician in Germany as part of dual system has multiple common attributes with path of vocational qualification acquisition in Poland by way of occupational education.

Framework curriculum

Overview of learning areas in the training profession: electrician (specialisation: technician for energy and building technology)

Learning areas

Lessons (45 minutes per lesson)

No.

 

1st year

2nd year

3rd year

4th year

1

Analyse and check electrical systems

80

     

2

Plan and perform electrical installations

80

     

3

Analyse and customise drive systems

80

     

4

Provide IT-systems

80

     

5

Ensure energy supply and safe equipment

 

80

   

6

Inspect and check building technology systems

 

60

   

7

Put building technology systems into practice according to customer requests

 

80

   

8

Expand building technology systems by economic aspects

 

60

   

9

Integrate systems and assign third-party services

   

100

 

10

Operate building technology and infrastructure systems according to customer requests

   

100

 

11

Maintain building technology and infrastructure systems and assign repair orders

   

80

 

12

Plan changes in use for building technology and infrastructure systems

     

60

13

Optimise building technology and infrastructure systems

     

80

 

Total: 1020 lessons

320

280

280

140

Procedure for acquisition of vocational qualifications by way of occupational education, traineeships

In Germany there is no equivalent for acquisition of vocational qualifications on analogous educational path as for occupational education in Poland.

However, the path for acquisition of qualifications for electrician in Germany as part of the dual system has multiple common attributes with path of vocational qualification acquisition in Poland by way of occupational education.

Procedure of the acquisition of vocational qualifications through lifelong learning.

Stages of vocational education in Germany are the following:

  • preparation for vocational education – it is intended for young people, who did not find business teaching profession, in which they may be trained or they are not ready for education yet.
  • vocational education – vocational education is divided into basic vocational education and vocational education with specialization. Education for individual professions follows based on general educational rules.
  • in-service training – offers sustaining and deepening the vocational qualifications. It ensures job retention and helps in adjusting your qualifications for new anticipations, e.g. knowledge of new technologies. It acts as a basis for promotion.
  • vocational training – it allows performance of new function at work, it aids improvement of career standing and position on labor market.

In many German States there are public schools implementing lifelong learning. This way of acquisition of vocational education is mostly used by people having any vocational experience. Schools, at which the lifelong learning is performed, are: adults evening schools (Abendgymnasien), evening Realschule schools (Abendrealschulen) and colleges (Kollegs), in some States gathered in a group, so called, lifelong learning colleges. Furthermore, in many States You may take an extramural exam in front of educational (national) examination board, after which You receive certificate of completion of school. Organization and conduct of exams is, in general, a competence of public schools (e.g. adults evening schools, schools for adults etc.). Private, commercial institutions have no rights for conducting the exams and, therefore, they may only offer preparatory courses for extramural exams. The scope of lifelong learning consists of forms of school education/cycles for adults evening schools, evening Realschule schools and colleges. It is about free public comprehensive schools, where after graduation You receive the same certificate as for youth schools. Wage-earning persons or vocationally educated adults may take the matriculation and repeat it after completion of 3-4 year courses or pass (repeat) the so-called vocational exam. 

The objective of all vocational training is to develop occupational competence. This is defined within this context as the willingness and ability of an individual person to behave appropriately, thoughtfully and in an individually and socially responsible manner in social, occupational and private situations. During the 3,5 years of vocational training for electronics technicians for energy and building technology all necessary knowledge, skills and competences (= occupational competence) have to been taught to enable the trainees in planning, processing and evaluating professional tasks independently.

This competency bundle must be demonstrated in the context of examinations regulated by law (Vocational Training Act and training regulations).

Examinations

The training regulations and the outline curriculum regulate the aims and content of the vocational education and training and form the basis of final qualification in a regulated occupation. In the training regulations of each profession the examination requirements are defined. Based on vocational practice the function of the final examination is to ascertain whether the candidate has acquired occupational competence.

Generally the final examinations comprise four to five different areas of examinations.

In the final examination, candidates are to demonstrate in these areas that they have obtained the necessary skills for this purpose, are in possession of the required vocational knowledge and abilities and are familiar with the teaching material to be imparted during teaching at the vocational school.

As self-governing bodies of industry, the chambers have been assigned public tasks in dual training (competent bodies). Next to counseling and monitoring functions the chambers take care of the overall organization of examinations by fixing dates and setting up examination boards which administer the examinations. Furthermore, the chambers issue the certificates which are awarded to successful candidates. Nevertheless the chambers have to possibility to authorize / accredit the guilds with the overall organization of examinations.

As examination boards, fixing dates for examination and the admission to the examination are specifically regulated is described below:

Examination boards

Usually the chambers have to install examination boards for each profession to be examined. Several chambers can install a joint examination board at one chamber. Provided that the responsible guilds are capable to organize the examinations the chambers can accredit guilds to found examination boards and organize the examination for all trainees of their district.

The examination boards are composed of at least three members who are representatives of employers, employees and vocational schools. Being qualified for the special areas of examination and for the participation in auditing the representatives are elected for no longer than five years.

To participate in the examination board for electronic technicians:

− the employers have to possess a master certification (in electronics or mechatronics) or being entitled to train people (= ordinance on Trainer aptitude (AEVO)),

− the employees have successfully passed the final examination in the appropriate trade or in a familiar recognized occupation requiring formal training (§ 4 BBiG) . The have to be engaged in relevant handicrafts.

The activities in the examination boards are voluntary.

A chairman and a deputy are elected from different member groups (employers, employees and vocational schools). The examination board constitutes a quorum if two-thirds of the members, at least three, participate.

Fixing dates for examinations  

The competent authority (Chamber of Crafts and Trade or the responsible guild) usually sets two examination periods per year matching with the training process and the school year.

The responsible chambers or the guilds fix the examination dates and release them at least one month before the expiration of the application period. Releasing the examination dates means that the competent body writes a letter to each candidate with the information of time and application form.

When exceeding the deadline, the application for examination acceptance may be denied. Using standardized, supra-regional tasks within the written examinations the fixing dates have to be coordinated between the competent authorities.

 

Conditions of admission

The trainee applies for admission to the examination at the responsible competent authority within the appropriate time-limit.

The following documents have to be submitted:

− Within the initial examinations: all corresponding verifications appropriate to the admission requirements (see Table 1 below)

− Within re-examinations: application to the examination in due time and form

Admission procedure:

− Decision of the chairman of the examination board concerning the admission to the examination of each trainee , if the chairman denies the admission based on the insufficient corresponding verifications, all representatives of the examination board decide,

− In case of successfully admission: a written information about the day of examination, the location and the permitted additional material and work tools is forwarded to the trainee,

− In case of non-admission: a reasoned written information is forwarded to the trainee.

The final examination comprises Parts 1 and 2, which are held at separate times. The objective of the final examination is to ascertain whether candidates have acquired occupational employability skills. In the final examination, candidates should demonstrate mastery of the necessary occupational skills, possession of the required occupational knowledge competences and familiarity with the teaching material essential to the vocational education and training to be imparted via teaching at vocational school. The training regulation shall constitute the basis of the examination. Skills which have already constituted an object of examination in Part 1 of the final examination shall only be included in Part 2 of the final examination to the extent that such inclusion is necessary for the determination of the requisite occupational competence pursuant to § 38 of the Vocational Training Act.

The examination board respectively the trade associations decide about the examination tasks based on the training regulation. Standardized, supra-regional tasks have to be assumed. When performing only written examinations at one day the maximum duration of the examinations is 300 minutes.

The non-public examination takes part after the successful application of the trainees. The examination board supervises the examinations. The candidate must be able to identify. After having instructions about test procedure, duration and permitted additional material and work tools, the candidates run the test under supervision of the proctor.

 

Electronics technicians – specializing in energy and building technology

 

Part 1 of the journeyman examination (before the end of the second year of training)
(40 % weighted)
Examination area: a work assignment
Performance and execution of examinations:

  1. Carrying out a complex work task demonstrated on a functional electrical system part

(Time: 10 hours)

  1. Situational specialist interview consisting of several conversation phases

(Time: 10 min within the 10 hours of nr. 1)

  1. Answering written examination questions based on work related tasks (Time: 120 min within the 10 hours of nr. 1)

Part 2 of the journeyman examination (at the end of training)
(60 % weighted)
Examination area:

  1. a customer order (25 % weighted)
  2. system design (12,5 % weighted)
  3. function and system analysis (12,5 % weighted)
  4. Economics and social studies (10 % weighted)

Performance and execution of examinations:

a. Examination area „customer order“ (Time: 16 hours)

1. Set up, maintain and adjust an electrical plant or building services installations enclosing documentation of the performance with the help of corresponding documents (70 % weighted)

2. Situational specialist interview consisting of several conversation phases (Time: 20 min within the 16 hours of nr. 1) (30 % weighted)

b. Examination area „system design” (Time: 2 hours)

Answering complex written examination questions concerning a draft of an adjustment of an electrical plant or building services installations, enclosing documentation with the help of corresponding documents

c. Examination area “function and system analysis” (Time: 2 hours)

Answering complex written examination questions concerning an analysis of an electrical plant or building services installations, enclosing documentation with the help of corresponding documents

d. Examination area „Economics and social studies“ (Time: 60 min)

Answering written examination questions based on work related tasks

The performances of the candidates are assessed by each member of the examination board independently and finally summarized in the examination board. The results are documented accordingly.

 

Table 1. Grading scale/Requirements for passing

 

100-92 points

1

Excellent

91-81 points

2

Good

80-67 points

3

Average

66-50 points

4

Passed

49-30 points

5

Poor

29-0 points

6

Failed

 

A total of at least 50 points are required for passing.

The final examination is deemed to have been passed if:

  1. an overall result of at least ‚pass‛ is achieved in part 1 and part 2;
  2. an overall result of at least ‚pass‛ is achieved in part 2;
  3. an overall result of at least ‚pass‛ is achieved in the examination area “Customer order”

(= first examination area of part 2)

  1. an overall result of at least ‚pass‛ is achieved in at least two of the other examination areas of part 2
  2. no mark of ‚fail‛ is recorded in any examination area in part 2.

Supplementary oral examination

At the request of the candidate, an examination in one of the areas b, c or d of part 2 for which a mark of worse than ‚pass‛ has been awarded should be supplemented by an oral examination of approximately 15 minutes if this may be decisive for the passing of the examination. In calculating the result for this examination area, the previous result and the result of the supplementary oral examination should be accorded weighting in the ratio of 2:1. 

The examination certificate consists of

The official designation

  1. „examination certificate as per § 31 HwO (German Skilled Crafts and Trades Act)‚ or
  2. „examination certificate as per § 42i paragraph 3 in conjunction with § 31 article 2 HwO‚ or
  3. „examination certificate as per § 37 paragraph 2 BBiG‚ or
  4. „examination certificate as per § 62 paragraph 3 BBiG in conjunction with § 37 article 2 BBiG‚
  • The personal data of the candidate (surname, first name, date of birth)
  • The description of the trained occupation including specialization or examination related focus. Further examination related differentiations indicated in the training regulation can be listed.
  • The results (points) of the examination areas and the overall result as far as provided in the training regulations
  • The date of passing the examination
  • The individuale name (Faksimile) or signature of the chairman of the examination board and the representative of the competent authority (Chamber of crafts and trades) or of the responsible guild (equipped with a seal).

Furthermore autonomous examination performances of an examination area (§ 23 Abs. 2 article 2) can be listed without grading in the examination certificate.

At the request of the trainee:

  • the examination certificate can be translated into English or French. The translated examination certificate shall be enclosed.
  • the results of all individual assessments / achievements in vocational schools can be listed at the examination certificate (§31 paragraph 3 HwO und § 37 pargraph 3 BBiG).

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