Rozpoznawanie kwalifikacji zawodowych dla potrzeb transferu na europejskim rynku pracy

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Name of the profession: Motor vehicle mechanic

ID: 525083

Level of qualification: Level 2 EQF

Motor vehicle mechanic maintains and repairs motors as well as their units and mechanical systems in cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles and other motor vehicles, with the use of diagnostic equipment, locksmithing and assembling tools

 

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(a) Includes apprenticeships and education and training courses for young people who have not completed basic education.

(b) Includes courses in the sciences and humanities (science and technology; social and economic sciences; social and human sciences; languages and literature; visual arts).

(c) Includes vocational courses, apprenticeships, education and training courses for young people, technology courses and specialised art courses.

(d) Includes education and training courses for adults, leading to dual certification –

academic ability and basic level and secondary-level qualifications.

(e) System that provides adults with recognition, validation and certification of basic -level and secondary

-level skills and leads to a qualification.

(f) Specialised technology courses allow people to pursue their studies, with training being accredited as part of the tertiary education course to which the holder of a diploma in specialised technology is admitted.

(g) Includes continuing training leading to skills that can be recognised under the RVCC system.

 

 

In Portugal qualifications in the professions are obtainable:

  • In the school system (by Education Cycles),
  • Through the apprenticeship system,
  • In the form of continuing education.

An indicative list of items for the professional course of motor vehicle mechanic

Example teaching plan is presented in the following table.

COURSES

HOURS SCHEDULE IN A YEAR

SOCIO-CULTURAL FORMATION

1º (10º)

2º (11º)

3º (12º)

TOTAL

Portuguese

105

110

105

320

Foreign Language – English

75

72

73

220

Integration Area

75

72

73

220

Physical Education

35

70

35

140

ITC

100

-

-

100

SCIENTIFIC FORMATION

 

 

 

 

Maths

99

99

102

300

Physics and Chemistry

70

70

60

200

TECHNICAL FORMATION

 

 

 

 

Technologies and Process

185

95

70

350

Industrial Organization

60

60

-

120

Design

65

90

-

155

Workshop Practice

130

150

195

475

Workplace Formation

140

280

280

700

TOTAL HOURS / YEAR / COURSE

1139

1168

993

3300

Source: www.epvozuela.pt

Qualifications in the profession of motor vehicle mechanic are obtained:

  • through an exam conducted after 12th cycle by an external

Documents confirming qualifications in the profession of motor vehicle mechanic are high school diploma and a certificate confirming completion of the professional training and  qualifications in the profession of motor vehicle mechanic.

 

The path of achieving a qualification in an motor vehicle mechanic through the school system.

The basic path of achieving qualifications is the school path in which new levels of education are achieved and the professional competences are confirmed on the basis of practical exams:

  • The stage of general education, which at the date of preparation of the study, includes Cycle 1 Cycle 2 Cycle 3 described as Primary Education,
  • Stage of general education in the form of higher secondary school,
  • Stage of vocational education which includes vocational

Stage of general education ends up with obtaining a certificate necessary for further education. Each student is required to take the exam to obtain the certificate and continue education in high school.

Examinations are performed after each cycle of learning.

Exam after the Third Cycle consists of Portuguese language and the main subject of the course of education.

Graduates of the Third Cycle may continue education by entering high school.

Table 1. Obligatory Education

Level

Class

Age

Cycles 1 and 2: Primary Education

I – IV Cycle 1

V – VI Cycle 2

6-10 years

10-12 years

Cycle 3 : First degree high school education

VII-IX Cycle

12-15 years

Source: DGERT 2007

Students who have reached the age limit of compulsory education (15 years), and have not completed the ninth grade with positive assessments may continue compulsory education within adult education. Admission to basic education is based primarily on the principle of regionalization, however, parents have the opportunity to place their children in other schools, if they have vacancies.

 

Higher Education - II degree

Table 2. Types of education

Type of education programmes

Grade

Age

Education on the level of second grade of secondary school

General programmes: mathematic-scientific -humanistic

Technical programmes

Artistic Programmes

Professional programmes

X, XI, XII

15-18

Post-high school education

Specialist technical programmes - CET

 

18-19

Source: DGERT 2007

Upper secondary education includes state schools, private schools funded by public and
independent private schools.


Admission criteria

Recruitment of students to upper secondary education schools generally takes place in accordance with the principle of regionalization, but at the request of parents, it is possible to place a child outside the local area if there are vacancies in the school, as well as selected profile in accordance with the preferences of the student. State schools do not charge a fee. The government also supports, within the framework of agreements, private agencies operating in areas where state schools do not exist or do not have enough places.

Programs and content

At the national level curricula are developed, among which schools select those that they will follow. Selecting a program may be dependent on local / regional socio-economic conditions and the labor market needs for specific qualifications. Organization of general education takes different forms within the two main sections of education: programs oriented on continuing education and programs oriented at starting work. Students can change the profile of education in the course of learning. The programs offered by vocational schools are designed for people whose goal after graduation is to immediately enter professional life. Specialist artistic programs are targeted at people characterized by exceptional abilities and offer training in visual arts, audiovisual arts, dance and music. Component of a general, common to all sections of general education includes the following compulsory subjects: Portuguese language, a foreign language, philosophy and physical education, while the component common to the general profiles of vocational education includes Portuguese and foreign language. Adult education programs create a "second chance" to those who left school prematurely or did not have the possibility of continuing at a younger age. Specialized technical programs within the framework of post-secondary education promote educational path that combines acquiring qualifications while acquiring skills and professional competence.

List of items:

Portuguese Language (grade 10, 11 and 12)

Physical education (grade 10, 11 and 12)

Philosophy (grade 10 and 11)

Foreign languages (grade 10 and 11)

Religious Education (grade 10, 11 and 12 – optional)

Mathematics (grade 10, 11 and 12)

Specific subjects (grade 10 and 11)

Biology and Geology, Geometry, Physics and Chemistry (two of them)

Optional items – Class 12 - biology, geology, physics, chemistry, psychology or other (two of them)

Humanities and Social Sciences History (grade10,11 and 12)

Specialist subjects – grade 10 and 11 – Geography, Foreign Language II (or III), Portuguese literature, mathematics applied to Social Sciences (two of them)

Elective courses – grade 12 – Law and Sociology, Latin, geography, psychology, philosophy, economics, or other (two of them)

Socio-economic

 

Mathematics (grade 10, 11 and 12)

Specialist subjects - grade 10 and 11 - Economics, History B, geography (two of them) Elective courses - grade 12 - economics, geography, sociology, psychology, law or other (two of them)

Visual Science

Specialist subjects - grade 10 and 11 - Geography, Foreign Language II (or III), Portuguese literature, Mathematics applied to Social Sciences (two of them)

Elective courses - grade 12 - Law and Sociology, Latin, geography, psychology, philosophy, economics, or other (two of them)

Socio-economic

 

Mathematics (grade 10, 11 and 12)

Specific subjects - grade 10 and 11 - Economics, History B, geography (two of them)

Elective courses - grade 12 - economics, geography, sociology, psychology, law or other (two of them)

Visual Science

 

Main subject - drawing (class 10, 11 and 12)

Specific subjects – Grade 10 and 11 – geometry, mathematics B, history of art and culture (two of them)

Elective courses – Grade 12 – Art Atelier, Multimedia Atelier, materials and technology, psychology, philosophy, and others (two of them)

Professional  

programs Sport

Architecture

Civil

construction

Electronics

Data processing

Projects

Multimedia

Administration

Marketing

Environment and Territory Order

Social action

Social animation

Other

Specialized artistic programs

Music

Dance

Theatre and cinema

Visual arts and audio-visual

Other

 

A student enrolled in the profession of motor vehicle mechanic attends the selected vocational course for 3 years. Preparing graduates takes place according to the teaching program, on the basis of which each school creates a school curriculum.

 

The path of achieving a qualification in the professions of motor vehicle mechanic through the system of apprenticeship.

Obtaining qualifications in the professions of motor vehicle mechanic in this form includes vocational training of young workers. Classes offered through the apprenticeship system – alternating training – are designed for young people aged 15 to 25 years and are run by the Instituto do Emprego e Formação Profissional [Institute for Employment and Vocational Training - IEFP]. Their goal is to prepare and qualify students for their first job and to facilitate the entry into professional life.

Vocational training is done by

Preparation and signing of an agreement between the intern and the company of the internship / training, which defines the rights and responsibilities of each party.

Vocational training courses have different length, depending on their nature, and contain the following elements:

Socio-cultural, scientific, technological and practical training (as in the working environment and is at least 30% of all hours). Training in the workplace is monitored by a caretaker appointed by the body responsible for the training component.

After successful completion of the training, participants receive a Level 2 vocational qualification and a certificate of completion of the 3 primary or Level 3 vocational qualification and a secondary school certificate.

 

The path of achieving a qualification in the professions of motor vehicle mechanic through lifelong learning

The main forms of continuing training and adult education are aimed at adults at the working age who are employed, unemployed, endangered with unemployment or belong to groups at risk of exclusion.

Cursos de educação e Formação are directed to adults over the age of 18 who are not qualified in the professions of motor vehicle mechanic or whose qualifications are inadequate for integration into the labor market.

The process Reconhecimento, Validação e Certificação de Competências [Recognition, validation and certification of skills - RVCC] is the most common platform to access these courses. The purpose of these activities is to increase the academic adult population and professional qualifications in the field of the professions of motor vehicle mechanic by offering a combination of education and training, which increases their employability and certifies acquired education. The courses are based on:

  • flexible training paths aimed at the recognition and validation of skills of adults acquired through formal, non-formal and informal paths;
  • coordinating the training path, which includes basic training and education, technology, or simply basic training;
  • the training focuses on the acquisition of knowledge, know-how and skills that complement and promote internships.

These courses lead to the completion of Cycle 3 of education and training at Level 2 and to obtaining a certificate or a certificate of secondary education and a certificate of Level 3 vocational training.

Participation in the course of the EFA, which does not lead to certification entitles  participants to request a validation of skills certificate that lists all the skills validated during the training.

EFA Courses are designed and led by relevant authorities or by a third party. In both cases, the training institution must be part of a network of training institutions located in the national system of qualifications.

Other training

Regarding the vocational training for people of working age, or the unemployed, other courses are also offered in the professions of motor vehicle mechanic, including:

  • qualification courses or retraining;
  • refreshing, updating or further training courses;

Training paths offered in the professions of motor vehicle mechanic typically comprise units or modules leading to skills that can be approved for certification purposes in a lifelong learning perspective. The courses are usually designed to meet the specific needs and circumstances of the organization and employees; they may, for example, support the introduction of new equipment, technology or organizational models for the modernization of enterprises. They implement new production methods and forms of work organization.

To start learning in secondary education and thus start a course in the field of motor vehicle mechanic, the student must hold a certificate of completion of the nine-year compulsory education. Students over 18 years of age who want to continue their education, pursue programs in adult education. Pupils are assessed at the end of each cycle. To obtain the promotion it is necessary to obtain min. 10 points (on a scale 0-20) as a result of an assessment at the school level. At the end of a program of mathematical sciences and humanities national exams are organized for students. Students who have completed this  cycle of education, receive a certificate of completion of secondary education; Students who have completed technical or artistic school receive both vocational qualification certificate 3rd level, as well as a secondary school certificate. In vocational schools, students receive a certificate confirming professional qualifications level 3, which will also be considered equivalent to a certificate of completion of secondary school. Students who have completed post-secondary education receive a certificate confirming both technical specialization and technical skills 4th level. After completing specialized technical education you can also receive a certificate of professional qualifications. The condition for admission to higher education is the state exams (exames nacionais) covering a range of subjects designated by  the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education.

An examination of the qualifications in the profession.

How the final evaluation is done: Professional courses

The final classification is the result of the formula:

CF = [2MCD + (0,3FCT 0,7PAP +)] / 3

where:

CF = the end of the course ranking, rounded to the nearest unit; MCD = simple arithmetic average of the final results of all subjects

FCT = classification of training in the workplace, rounded to the nearest unit; PAP = professional classification skills test, rounded to the nearest unit.Vocational courses

The final classification of the course is the result of the formula:

CF = (mcfd MUFCD + EF) / 3

where:

CF = the end of the course ranking, rounded to the nearest unit;

Mcfd = is the simple arithmetic average of the final results of all disciplines rounded to one decimal place,

Technological and technical courses

The final classification is the result of the formula:

CFC = (9MCD 1PAT +) / 10

where:

CFC = the end of the course ranking (rounded to the nearest unit); MCD = is a simple arithmetic average, rounded to the units,

PAT = marks obtained in the technology skills test

The person who passed the exam confirming qualification/s in the profession, receives a certificate confirming vocational qualifications.

Certificate is awarded to the person who has passed the professional exam in all the qualifications required for the profession and has a level of education required for the job.

 

Certificate confirming the qualification in the profession

Certificate confirming the qualification in the profession is given to the person who has passed the exam confirming the qualification in the profession (the person obtained at least 50% points).

Certificate confirming the qualification in the profession shall contain: the name (s) and surname, date and place of birth, identification number of the person who passed the exam confirming qualifications in the profession, the name of the qualification.

 

Certificate confirming vocational qualifications

A person can get a certificate confirming vocational qualifications, if he/she has:

  1. certificates confirming all the qualifications, and
  2. a certificate of completion of secondary school or current post primary school or a certificate of passing external examinations with the terms set out in the general education

 

Issuance of Certificate

Graduates of schools leading professional courses who in the school year received a leaving certificate and certificate confirming qualification separated in a profession in which educates school certificate shall be issued on the basis of passing the examination. This certificate is issued by the Ministry of Education.

 

The term of issuing certificate of vocational qualifications

The Ministry shall determine date of issuing Certificates confirming qualification in the profession - as the date of passing the qualification examination / s in the profession.

Director of the school or institution or employer or a person authorized by him provides to those who passed the exam, certificates confirming qualification in the profession.

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