Reconhecimento de qualificações profissionais para efeitos de transferência no mercado de trabalho europeu

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Name of the profession: Electrician

ID: 741103

Level of qualification: Level 3 EQF

Electrician has basic vocational education. He/she assembles, diagnoses and repairs electrical installations, components and devises; diagnoses the actual state of electrical insulation, machinery and equipment, finds the damages and repairs them; selects the security systems for electrical installations, devices and machines
(źródło: Wortal Publicznych Służb Zatrudnienia, MRPiPS)

Education in the professions of electrician is carried out in the 3-year basic vocational school (as of 31 August 2017)

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Fig. 1. Structure of the system education in Poland, planning career (as of 31 August 2017)
Source: Kształcenie zawodowe i ustawiczne vademecum. Krajowy Ośrodek Wspierania Edukacji Zawodowej i Ustawicznej, Warsaw 2013, p. 8

In Poland, qualification in the profession are obtainable:

  • In the school system,
  • Through training in crafts,
  • In the form of continuing education.

The path of achieving a qualification in an electrician (as of 31 August 2017) through the school system.

The basic path of achieving qualification is a school path in which students achieved new levels of education, exams are confirmed by professional competence, that means:

  • the stage of general education, nowadays it includes primary school (class I – VI) and high school (grades VII - IX),
  • stage of vocational education includes vocational school (class X – XII).

The stages of general education ends with an examination in so called gymnasium (high school – grades VII – IX). Each high school student is obliged to proceed to secondary school exam. Secondary School exams end with receiving the certificate of the detailed results of the exams with a score of percentage covering part of the humanities and mathematics and natural part of knowledge. (http://www.cke.edu.pl).
Graduates of secondary schools who have chosen vocational training in electrician are involved in the recruitment to vocational schools by submitting the documents in the selected vocational school. Standard documents folding in selected vocational school are (MEN Regulation on conditions and procedures of admission of students to public schools and the transition from one type of school to another. Dz. U. 2004. No. 26, pos. 232):

  • application – questionnaire candidate generated by the system KSENON,
  • certificate of secondary education,
  • certificate of the detailed results in the secondary school exam,
  • medical certificate pointed that there is no absence of contraindications for training in your chosen profession,
  • other documents specified by the school.

Base on the criteria set point by each vocational schools are created lists with ranking students who applied to this school as well as lists of students with the highest number of points are qualified for vocational training according to the number of places in a given school year.

Student , who attended to an electrician or car mechanic profession classes, should be there for 3 years. Preparing graduate is held by specific Curriculum (for the profession electrician 741103 on the structure of the present). This program was developed as a basis for teaching profession by the National Centre for Supporting Vocational and Continuing Education. This program includes the aims and objectives of education, information about the profession electrician, aims for vocational education electrician, professional connections with other professions, specific learning objectives, curriculum of learning, the curriculum for each subject. Based on General Educational Curriculum, each vocational school creates their own school curriculum. An example of teaching plan presented in the following table.

Table 1. Example of a school curriculum for the profession of electrician

No. Compulsory educational activities The total number of hours. during teaching
Obligatory subjects
1. Polish language 160
2. Foreign Language 130
3. History 64
4. Civics 32
5. Fundamentals of entrepreneurship 64
6. Geography 32
7. Biology 32
8. Chemistry 32
9. Physics 32
10. Math 130
11. Information technology 32
12. Physical education 290
13. Education for safety 32
14. Classes with teacher 96
Total hours 1158
  Items in vocational education theoretical
1. Electrical engineering and electronics 192
2. Electrical machinery and equipment 192
3. Electrical Installations 160
4. Economic activity in the electrical industry 32
5. Language in the electrical industry 64
Total hours 640
  Items in practical vocational training
1. Measurements of electrical and electronic equipment 224
2. The test equipment and electrical equipment 416
3. Electrical installations – practical classes 330
Total hours 970

 Source: own study based on ttp : //www.koweziu.edu.pl/plany_nauczania/pliki/741103_P_ZSZ.pdf

Qualification in an electrician profession is achieved by:

  • passing exam in skills E.7 Installation and maintenance of machinery and electrical equipment confirmed by the District Examination Committee,
  • passing exam in skills E.8 Installation and maintenance of electrical installations certified by the District Examination Committee,
  • Completion of basic vocational school.

Documents confirmed qualification in the electrician profession are: graduation certificate of vocational school and a diploma confirming qualified skills as an electrician.

The path of achieving a qualification in an electrician by training qualities.

Qualification in the electrician in this form includes vocational training for young workers. Vocational training can be done by:

  1. training for a particular job.
    Training for a particular job is to prepare a young person to work as a semi-skilled worker and can be related with work, are not required to complete an working training. Training for a particular job can last from 3 to 6 months. After completing the apprenticeship employee receives a certificate of appropriate vocational specific work.
  2. Apprenticeship.
    Apprenticeship is to prepare a young person to work as a skilled worker or journeyman and includes apprenticeship organized with the employer and theoretical training. Apprenticeship lasts up to 36 months, but not less than 33 months.

To prepare a vocational training as an apprenticeship, the employer sign a contract, with juvenile employment, for vocational training. The agreement should contain a description of the parties, the form of further training and theoretical training, the date of the planned completion of education. To conclude and resolve the juvenile employment contracts for vocational training should be governed by an employment contract for an indefinite period.

The employer who hire young people to vocational training directed them to the theoretical training: school principal, in the center of vocational training or organizes theoretical training on their own. In the case of organizing theoretical training for young people, on their own ,employer is obliged to implement the core curriculum of compulsory vocational theoretical.

Weekly working time for juvenile during the period of the school day may not exceed 12 hours. On participation in school activities, working time of an adolescent, shall not exceed 2 hours. While the working time for young person during school holidays shall not exceed 7 hours a day and 35 hours a week (http://www.infor.pl/prawo/praca/umowa-o-prace/89167,Co-nalezy-wiedziec-o-pracy-mlodocianych.html).

Apprenticeship ends with an examination. Adolescents, who decided on further training in:

  • vocational schools, where the exam consists of vocational training, which rules are set in the regulations on examinations of vocational education and vocational training,
  • in other forms than school exam, the exam on the skilled worker , is based on terms prescribed by issues about professional and general education of adults,
  • other forms than school and working with employers consist journeyman exam before the Examining Chamber of Crafts.
  • After completing the course and passing the examination, the employee receives the title of skilled worker or journeyman.

(Council of Ministers of 28 May 1996 on vocational training of young people and their remuneration (Dz. U. No. 60, item. 278, as amended).

The path of achieving a qualification in an electrician through lifelong learning

Qualification for an electrician in this form includes: a qualifying vocational course in qualifications complies with profession.

Qualifying vocational course, is a course run by the curriculum ,taking into account the curriculum of vocational education in the field of single qualification (K). The minimum training number of hours on this course is the minimum number of hours that is signed in the core curriculum of vocational education for the qualification. A graduate of the course receive a certificate of completing the qualifying vocational course. Completion of this course allows you to join the qualification exam in the profession, in terms of the qualifications undertaken by the regional commissions examination.

The person who completes a qualifying vocational course and pass the exam confirming qualifications in the profession in terms of the qualifications, receive a certificate confirming their profession. Getting all qualifications, needed to get a profession , with the confirmation of the appropriate level of education, will mean gaining the full occupation and technician diploma in the certain profession.
(Developed on the basis of information from the https://www.apedukacja.pl/kwalifikacyjne-kursy-zawodowe,785.html)

Professional qualifications may be attained by passing an examination confirming qualifications for a profession conducted by the Regional Examinations Boards (for school occupations) or by passing a journeyman exam organized by chambers of crafts of the Polish Craft Association (Związek Rzemiosła Polskiego – ZRP) (for craft occupations).

Examination confirming professional qualifications, also called professional examination, is a form of assessing the level of mastery of the examinee's knowledge and skills in particular qualification separated in a profession, specified in the core curriculum of vocational education. Professional examination is an external exam, which allows for comparable and objective assessment of the examinee's level of performance through the use of uniform requirements, assessment criteria and rules for conducting of examination, developed by external institutions, operating independently of the education system.

Role of the external institutions are performed by: Central Examinations Board (CKE) and eight Regional Examinations Boards (OKE) appointed by the Minister of National Education in 1999. OKE prepare, organize and conduct external professional examinations. Examinations are assessed by external examiners.

Professional examination is conducted throughout the school year on the date determined by the Director of OKE in consultation with the Director of CKE. The date of the professional examination is announced by the Director of OKE at the website of the regional board, not later that 5 months before the date of the professional examination. Director of OKE establishes the schedule of practical part of the professional examinations and submits it to the managers of examination centers.

The examination covers the subject matter of qualification, i.e. the number of examinations in particular profession shall depend on the number of qualifications separated in the core curriculum of vocational education.

Number of qualifications in a profession = number of examinations confirming professional qualifications

The examination confirming professional qualifications may be taken by:

  • graduates of basic vocational schools, technical schools, supplementary secondary technical schools and postsecondary schools,
  • persons with school certificates obtained abroad and recognized as equivalent to certificates of completion of the relevant Polish upper-secondary schools or post-primary schools,
  • persons who completed a vocational qualifying course.

The professional examination is also conducted as extramural examination for persons who:

  • graduated from junior high school or 8-year primary school and
  • for at least two years, have educated or worked in a profession in which separated was particular qualification in accordance with the vocational education qualifications framework.

In case of professions of electrician one may take an examination confirming professional qualifications in an external mode (in accordance with the Regulation of the Minister of Education dated January 11, 2012 on extramural examinations, Journal of Laws of 2012, item 188).

In order to take an examination confirming professional qualifications, one should submit a written declaration or a request.

Declaration of accession to the examination confirming professional qualifications is submitted by:

  • a student or a course participant
  • a graduate
  • a person who is a graduate having the school certificate obtained abroad,
  • a person who participates in or completed a qualification course.

Specific requirements and rules for submission of declarations are specified in the Regulation of the Minister of National Education dated February 24, 2012 amending the Regulation on the conditions and manner of assessing, classifying and promoting students and course participants as well as conducting tests and examinations in public schools (Journal of Laws of 2012, item 262).

Students (course participants) who submitted declaration of accession to the examination shall be informed by the school headmaster (chairman of the examination board or the head of the examination center) about the date and place of particular part of the examination and the required documents, materials and accessories to be taken to particular part of the examination not later than one month before the date of each part of the examination.

Graduates and persons who completed a vocational qualifying course as well as persons having school certificates obtained abroad who submitted a declaration of accession to the examination to OKE shall be informed by the Director of OKE on the date and place of particular part of the examination and the required documents, materials and accessories to be taken to the examination not later than one month before the date of each part of the examination.

Application for admission to extramural professional examination is submitted by persons who take the professional examination in an external mode. Detailed requirements and principles of submitting an application are specified in the Regulation of the Minister of Education dated January 11, 2012 on extramural examinations (Journal of Laws of 2012, item 188).

Persons who submitted a declaration to OKE on accession to the extramural professional examination shall be informed by the Director of OKE on the date and place of this part of the examination and the required documents, materials and accessories to be taken to the examination not later than two months before the date of each part of the examination.

It is possible to adapt the examination to individual education needs and psycho-physical capabilities of the examinee. Detailed information on adaption of the conditions of conduct of the professional examination shall be published at website of the Central Examinations Board in the statement of the Director of CKE. If the person wishing to access the examination is entitled to adaptation, he/she shall attach the relevant documents to the submitted declaration or request.

Detailed information and explanations on the examination confirming professional qualifications shall be provided by the school headmaster and the Director of OKE.

Professional examination consists of two parts: written and practical part. The rules for appointment, composition and duties of examining boards and boards supervising written and practical parts of the examination are specified in the Regulation of the Minister of National Education dated February 24, 2012 amending the Regulation on the conditions and manner of assessing, classifying and promoting students and course participants as well as conducting tests and examinations in public schools (Journal of Laws of 2012, item 262).

A student (course participant) takes the written part of the professional examination at school he/she goes to, and a graduate - at school he/she graduated from. A student (course participant) takes the practical part of the professional examination at school he/she goes to or at the employer’s at whom he/she completes the vocational training practice, and a graduate at school he/she graduated from or at the employer's at whom he/she completed the vocational training practice. Other persons shall take the professional examination at school, institution or employer as indicated by the Director of OKE. A student, course participant, graduate may also be directed by the Director of OKE to other school, continuing education unit, practical education unit or employer in order to take an examination, but only in justified cases.

A written part is conducted in a form of a written test with the use of:

  • electronic system for conducting professional examination, after authorization by the institution conducting the examination or
  • examination papers and answer cards.

A written part for professions of electrician and motor vehicle mechanic takes 60 minutes and is conducted in the form of a test consisting of 40 multiple-choice questions containing four answers to choose from, of which only one answer is correct (source: guidebooks on examination confirming professional qualifications in professions of electrician).

During a written part of the professional examination, each examinee works at:

  • an individual electronically assisted examination post - in case the written part of the professional examination is conducted using an electronic system of conducting professional examination.
  • a separate desk - in case the written part of the professional examination is conducted using examination papers and answer cards, called individual examination posts. The distance between the individual examination posts should provide for independent work of examinees.

Result of a written part of the professional examination shall be determined by OKE based on:

  1. answers saved and archived in an electronic system for conducting professional examination - in case the written part of the professional examination is conducted using an electronic system for conducting professional examination;
  2. electronic reading of answer card - in case the written part of the professional examination is conducted using examination papers and answer cards.

For organization and course of the written part of the professional examination in particular school, institution or at particular employer responsible shall be chairman of the examination board, i.e. respectively, the school headmaster, the director of the institution, the employer, or the employee authorized by him/her. The chairman of the examination board and his/her deputy should receive a training within organization of the written part of the professional examination organized by OKE.

Winners and finalists of tournaments or thematic contests related to the selected area of vocational education are exempt from the written part of the professional examination on the basis of a statement confirming the title of respectively the winner or the finalist. The statement shall be submitted to the chairman of the examination board. Exemption of the winner or the finalist of the tournament or thematic contest from the written part of the professional examination is equivalent to obtaining the highest grade, i.e. 100%, on the written part of the professional examination. The list of the tournaments or thematic contests is made public by the Director of CKE.

Practical part is conducted in a form of practical test and consists in the examinee’s performing the examination task included in the examination paper at the examination post. The post should be prepared taking into account the conditions of training in particular profession specified in the core curriculum of vocational education, appropriate to the qualifications separated in this profession, for which this examination is conducted.

Duration of the practical part of the examination confirming qualifications for two qualifications in a profession of electrician, it is 180 minutes for each qualification (source: guidebooks on examination confirming professional qualifications in professions of electrician).

Practical part of the professional examination is observed and assessed by the examiners, present in the room, who are entered in the register of examiners for conducting examinations confirming qualifications for a profession. A teacher employed in a school or institution in which the practical part of the professional examination is conducted cannot be the examiner.

Result of the practical part of the professional examination shall be determined based on the electronic reading of the assessment card completed by the examiner.

The examinee passed the professional examination if he/she obtained:

  1. in a written part – at least 50% of possible points (i.e. the examinee solved correctly minimum 20 tasks in a written test) and
  2. in a practical part – at least 75% of possible points.

Should the examinee be of the opinion that, during the examination, violated were regulations concerning its conduct, he/she may submit a written objection to the Director of OKE. The chairman of the examination board or of the board supervising the practical part of the examination may cancel the relevant part of the examination. Director of OKE in consultation with the Director of CKE may cancel the examination of the examinee or examinees and order its re-conduct.

Detailed rules for submitting objections to the course of the examination, cancellation of examination or a part thereof are specified in the Regulation of the Minister of National Education dated February 24, 2012 amending the Regulation on the conditions and manner of assessing, classifying and promoting students and course participants as well as conducting tests and examinations in public schools (Journal of Laws of 2012, item 262).

Results of the professional examination are handed over by OKE to the school headmaster, director of the institution, employer, depending on where the students (course participants) or graduates took the written part of the professional examination or to the person authorized by the school headmaster, director of the institution, employer. Date of delivering results of the professional examination, handing certificates and diplomas shall be announced by the Director of OKE at the website of OKE no later than on the day of the written part of the professional examination.

Certificates and diplomas are handed to the examinees by the school headmaster, director of the institution, employer or a person authorized by him/her.

Examinees who completed a vocational qualifying course, took an examination in an external mode or have school certificates obtained abroad, receive certificates and diplomas in the proper OKE.

Persons who did not pass one or both parts of the examination, did not take the examination on a specified date or interrupted the examination may retake the examination or failed part, except that:

  • students (course participants) take the examination on the next dates during training and twice after finishing education on principles specified for the graduates; accession to the examination for the third or next time after finishing education takes place on principles specified for the extramural examination,
  • persons who started taking the professional examination after finishing education (graduates) or after completing the qualification course as well as persons who took the examination based on the school certificates obtained abroad, in case of failing the examination or a part thereof twice, will take the professional examination or its part on principles specified for the extramural examination.

After three years from the date the examinee took the written part of the examination or failed the examination or could not have taken the written part of the examination for the first time, he/she shall take the examination in the full scope.

Detailed rules for re-taking of the examination are specified in the Regulation of the Minister of National Education dated February 24, 2012 amending the Regulation on the conditions and manner of assessing, classifying and promoting students and course participants as well as conducting tests and examinations in public schools (Journal of 2012 item 262).

Qualification examination for the title of journeyman called a journeyman exam is a form of assessing the level of knowledge and skills within a scope of particular craft profession, contained in the standards of requirements being the basis for conducting examinations confirming professional qualifications. Standards of examination requirements were developed by the Polish Craft Association based on the core curriculum of vocational education. Journeyman exams are conducted for over 100 professions, including professions of electrician..

A journeyman exam may be accessed by both an adult and a student - young employee who meets one of the following conditions:

  • he/she completed an apprenticeship at a craftsman’s and theoretical supplementary training in school or outside the school;
  • he/she has a certificate of completion of education in junior high school or in 8-year primary school and acquired professional skills in a profession in which he/she takes the examination, outside the school;
  • he/she has a certificate of completion of education in junior high school or in 8-year primary school and at least two- or three-year seniority in the profession for which he/she takes the examination - according to the duration of education in particular profession as provided for in the classification of professions of vocational education specified in separate regulations;
  • he/she has a certificate of completion of education in junior high school or in 8-year primary school and at least two- or three-year seniority in the profession for which he/she takes the examination - according to the duration of education in particular profession as provided for by the Polish Craft Association if the profession is not included in the classification of professions of vocational education;
  • he/she has a certificate of completion of education in upper-secondary school or in previous post-primary school which provides vocational trainings in the major associated with the profession for which he/she takes the examination;
  • he/she has vocational title in the profession included in the profession for which he/she takes the examination and after gaining the vocational title, at least half-year seniority in the profession for which he/she takes the examination.

A person applying for admission to the examination shall submit:

  • application for admission,
  • documents confirming vocational training practice,
  • documents confirming theoretical vocational training,
  • one photograph,
  • proof of payment of the examination fee, the amount of which shall be determined by the chamber of crafts (in accordance with art.3 sec. 3h item 4 of the act on crafts).

Detailed requirements for people accessing the journeyman exam, condition for appointing the examination boards, the manner of conducting the journeyman exam and others is specified in the Regulation of the Minister of National Education dated September 14, 2012 on journeyman exam, master craftsman’s exam and verification exam conducted by examination boards of chambers of crafts (Journal of Laws of 2012, item 1117).

The journeyman exam shall be conducted in two stages: theoretical and practical. Order of stages of the exam shall be determined by the chairman of the examination board in consultation with the chamber of crafts.

Practical stage consists in the candidate’s individual performing of examination tasks checking practical skills. Duration of practical stage cannot be shorter than 120 minutes and longer than 24 hours, within a total of three days.

Theoretical stage consists in answering questions compiled in two parts; written and oral, to check the theoretical knowledge: Duration of the written part cannot be shorter than 45 minutes and longer than 210 minutes, duration of the oral theoretical stage cannot be longer than 30 minutes (source: standard of examination requirements for the profession of electrician).

Examination tasks for practical stage of the exam, questions for the written and oral part of the theoretical stage of the exam as well as sets of these questions shall be prepared by the members of the examination board in consultation with the chairman of the examination board, taking into account the standards of examination requirements for the profession.

Date and place of the practical stage and particular parts of the theoretical stage of the exam shall be determined by the chairman of the examination board in consultation with the chamber of crafts. Examinees shall be informed about the date and place of the theoretical and practical stage at least 14 days before the determined date of the exam.

Examination board of the chamber of crafts shall be appointed by the competent statutory body of the chamber of crafts for a five-year term. The seat of the board shall be the seat of the chamber of crafts. Polish Craft Association informs about the appointment of the board. The board shall consist of: the chairman of the board, the deputy chairman of the board, members of the board, secretaries of the board. Number of people in the board shall depend on the number of people accessing the journeyman exam.

The board conducts exams in the examination teams appointed by the chairman of the board in consultation with the chamber of crafts. Examination board conducting the journeyman exam consists of at least four people, i.e. the chairman of the board or his/her deputy – as the chairman of the examination team; at least two members of the board – as members of the examination team and the secretary of the board - as the secretary of the examination team.

Detailed criteria for assessment of practical and theoretical stage of the exam shall be developed by the board. The chairman of the board presents the detailed criteria of assessment to the chamber of crafts for approval. Grades shall be determined by the examination board according to the following scale from 2 to 6, wherein 2 – Is fail, and 6 – excellent).

Grades for practical stage shall be determined based on the grades received for each examination task. Grade of the theoretical stage of the exam shall be determined based on the grades given for the written and oral part, where assessed is every subject in every part. Final grade from the examination shall be determined based on the grades received at both stages of the exam.

The examinee passed the exam if he/she received at least satisfactory grades at the practical and theoretical stage of the exam.
Fail at at least one examination task at the practical stage of the exam decides about the fail at this stage.

The examinee who received a fail at examination task or tasks at practical stage of the exam, may take the resit exam covering this task or tasks, also the examinee who received a fail at subject or subjects of the written or oral part of the theoretical stage of the exam may take the resit exam covering this subject or subjects (after termination of two years from the first exam these persons shall take the exam in the full scope).

Resit exam shall be conducted by the examination board within the date and place determined by the chairman of the examination board in consultation with the chamber of crafts.
At the request of the examinee, the resit exam may cover the whole stage or respectively written or oral part of the theoretical stage.

The chairman of the examination board shall inform the examinees about the results of the practical and theoretical stage of the exam, announce the final results of the exam and inform the examinees about the right to file a complaint concerning the accuracy of the exam.

The examinee may file a complaint concerning the accuracy of the exam to the chamber of crafts within three days from the date of finishing of exam. The chamber of crafts shall examine the complaint within seven days of its receipt. Should the complaint be rejected, the examinee may request consideration of a complaint by the Polish Craft Association, within seven days from the receipt of a response from the chamber of crafts. The Polish Craft Association shall examine the complaint within fourteen days of its receipt.

A person who, for justified reasons, did not take the exam or a stage or a part of this exam or who interrupted the exam, has the right to take the exam or respectively its stage or part on the following dates of the exam within two years from the date of the first exam. After this time period, the exam shall be taken in a full scope.

The secretary of the examination board shall develop an individual exam protocol for each examinee and enclose the examinee’s examination paper to it. The secretary, based on individual examination protocols, shall develop the summary report on the exam and enclose a letter on impartiality of the members of the examination board to it.

Information concerning persons who passed the journeyman exam and the passed journeyman exam shall be entered in the mortgage register of the journeyman exams.

As a result of the passed journeyman exam, the chamber of crafts shall issue and give the journeyman certificate which is a formal confirmation of professional qualifications obtained within different paths of education and during the work.

Official documents confirming the achievements of the graduates:

  • Certificate confirming professional qualifications (issued by Regional Examination Commission)
  • Diploma confirming professional qualifications (issued by Regional Examination Commission)
  • Supplement to the diploma confirming professional qualifications (issued by Regional Examination Commission)
  • Apprentice certificate (issued by Chamber of Crafts)
  • Supplement to the apprentice certificate (issued by Chamber of Crafts)

 

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